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新东方英语四级作文必备衔接词

发布时间: 2021-03-03 20:12:10

四级作文连接词

[四级作文连接词]
表示比较的连接词like, similarly, likewise, in the same way, in the same manner, equally.表示对比的连接词by contrast, on the contrary, while, whereas, on the other hand, unlike, instead, but, conversely, different from, however, nevertheless, otherwise, whereas, unlike, yet, in contrast.表示列举的连接词for example, for instance, such as, take …for example. Except (for), to illustrate.表示时间的连接词later, next, then, finally, at last, eventually, meanwhile, from now on, at the same time, for the time being, in the end, immediately, in the meantime, in the meanwhile, recently, soon, now and then, ring, nowadays, since, lately, as soon as, afterwards, temporarily, earlier, now, after a while.表示顺序的连接词first, second, third, then, finally, to begin with, first of all, in the first place, last, next, above all, last but not the least, first and most important.表示可能的连接词presumably, probably, perhaps.用于解释的连接词in other words, in fact, as a matter of fact, that is, namely, in simpler terms.表示递进的连接词What is more, in addition, and, besides, also, furthermore, too, moreover, furthermore, as well as, additionally, again.表示让步的连接词although, after all, in spite of…, despite, even if, even though, though, admittedly, whatever may happen.表示转折的连接词however, rather than, instead of, but, yet, on theother hand, unfortunately. whereas表示原因的连接词for this reason, e to, thanks to, because, because of, as, since, owing to.表示结果的连接词as a result, thus, hence, so, therefore, accordingly, consequently, as consequence.用于总结的连接词on the whole, in conclusion, in a word, to sum up, in brief, in summary, to conclude, to summarize, in short.其他类型连接词Mostly, occasionally, currently, naturally, mainly, exactly, evidently, frankly, commonly, for this purpose, to a large extent, for most of us, in many cases, in this case,

❷ 英语作文中常用的连接词有哪些

这个太多了 你在文库里搜搜“作文模板” 很多~

一) 连接词
()表选择关系或对等关系的连接词:either…or…,neither…nor, or, as well as…, and, both…and…。
(2)表因果关系或对等关系的连接词:therefore, so, as a result, as the result of …,because of, e to …,owing to, thanks to等。
(3)表时间顺序的连接词:the moment, as soon as, at first, then, later, meanwhyle, at the beginning, in the end, before long, for the first(second…)time, the minute等。
(4)表转折关系的连接词:yet, and yet, but , while, on the contrary, on the other hand, however, at the same time(然而)等。
(5)表解释说明的连接词:that is, that is to say, in other words, such as, for instance, and so on, etc. and the like等。
(6)表递进关系的连接词:not only…but (also), what,s more, what's worse, besides, in addition, worse still, moreover, above all等。
(7)表示总结的连接词:in a word, on the whole, in short, briefly, in brief, to sum up, in all等。

(三)注意以下过渡词的用法
1、表示时间的
af first 起初
next 接下来
then 然后
after that 那以后
later 后来
soon 不久
soon/shortly after ……之后不久
finally 最后
in the end 最后
eventually 最终
at last 终于
lately 近来
recently 最近
since then 自从那时起
after that 那以后
in no time 不一会儿
after a while 一会儿
afterward 后来
to begin/start with=in the first place 首先、第一点
immediately 立即、马上
meanwhile=in the meantime=at the same time 在此期间、同时
earlier, until now 直到现在
suddenly=all of a sudden 突然
as a young man 当…… 是个年轻人的时候
at the age of… 在……岁的时候
as early as 早……的时候
as soon as 一……就……
before, the other day 几天前
early in the morning 大清早
after/before dark 天黑后/前
one day 有一天
one afternoon 一天下午
one morning 一天早晨
2、表示空间的
to the right/left 朝右/左
on the rinht/left 在右/左边
in the middle of 在中间
in front of 在前面
in the front of 在前面
at the back of 在后面
at the bottom of 在底部
on the edge of 在……的边上
on top of 在……的顶部
opposite to 与……相对
close to 靠近
near to 在……附近
next to 与……相邻
under 垂直在下
over 垂直在上
below 在下方
above 在上方
across 在……的另一边
around 在周围
behind 在后
before 在前
against 靠着、抵着
further on 再往前
3、表示列举和时序
first, second, third…finally
firstly, secondly, thirdly…finally
first of all, next then, lastly
for one thing…for another…
at the same time
at first
at last
4、表示列举
for example 例如:……
namely 即……
for instance 例如:……
that is (to say) 也就是说
such as 如……
take…for example 拿……来说
like 像……
5、表示比较或对比
like 像
unlike 不像
similarly 同样地
in the same way 以相同的方式
compared to 与……相比
while 而
still=nevertheless 然而
on the contrary 正相反
different from 与……不同
on (the) one hand…on the other hand 一方面……另一方面
in contrast with 与……成对比
6、表示增补
and 而且
both…and 不但……而且
not only…but also 不但……而且
as well as 不但……而且
also=besides=furthermore=more over 此外、而且
in addition 并且
apart from 除了……之外
what's more 而且、更重要的
for another 另一方面
worse still=what's worse=to make matter worse 更糟糕的是
including 包括
7、表示因果
because 因为
since 既然
as 由于
now that 既然
therefore 因此
thus 这样
so 所以
as a result (of) 结果
because of=on account of 因为
thanks to 多亏、由于
for this reason 由于这个原因
if so 如果这样
if not 如果不是这样
8、表示目的
for this purpose
in order to do
so as to do
so that…
in order that…
9、表示让步
though/although
no matter+疑问句
in spite of
whatever/however/whoever
even if/ even though
10、表示递进或强调
besides 况且
what's more 更重要地是
thus 这样
above all 首先
indeed 的确
in fact/ as a matter of fact 事实上
in other words 换句话说
in that case 那样的话
or rather 更确切地说
particularly 特别地
11、表示转折
but 但是
still 然而
however 然而
while 而
12、表示总结
in a/one word 简言之、一句话、总之
generally speaking 一般说来
in short=in a few words 简言之
in conclusion=lastly 最后地
on the whole=taking everything into consideration 从总体来看、大体上
so 所以
therefore 因此
thus 这样
as has been mentioned 正如所提到的
it is quite clear that 很显然
there is no doubt that 毫无疑问
it is well-known that 大家都知道
as we all know=as is known
to us all 大家都知道
as/so far as I know 据我所知
to sum up=to summarize=in summary 总之
13、表示转折话题
by the way 顺便说
I am afraid 我恐怕
in my opinion 依我看来
to tell the truth 说实话
to be honest 诚实地说
in face 事实上

❸ 英语四级作文常用词汇

四级资料总结——写作常用词汇短语

1.校园生活类:
1)大学学习类:
application from 申请表
assignment 作业
instructor辅导老师
assessment (对学生的学习情况)评估
course arrangement 课程安排
credit 学分
dean 导师
enrolment\register for 注册
oral examination 口试
graate school 研究生院
letter of recommendation 推荐信
participation 出勤
postgraate 研究生
president 校长
required course\compulsory course 必修课
optional course 选修课
score\mark 分数
school of Arts and Sciences 文理学院
take an examination\sit an examination 参加考试
undergraate 本科生

2)大学生活类
cafeteria 自助小餐厅
call slip 索书单
campus 校园
club 学生俱乐部
current account 现金帐户
current issues 本期刊物
back issues 过期刊物
catalogue 目录
deposit money in a bank 存钱
dining hall 食堂
dormitory 宿舍
lecture hall 阶梯教室
library card 借书卡
overe and pay a fine 过期罚款
renew (借书)续借
shopping mall\centre 购物中心
society 学生社团
student union 学生会
withdraw\draw cash 取钱

2.交通旅游类
1)交通规则类
crash 撞车
amber light 黄灯
cross road 十字路
drive without license 无证驾驶
excessive speed 超速
green light绿灯
traffic jam 交通拥挤
narrow road 窄路
red light 红灯
parking place 停车场
speed limit 速度限制
traffic light 红绿灯
traffic police 交通警察
traffic regulation 交通规则
zebra stripes 斑马线

2)旅游类词汇
check-in登记入住
check-out 结帐离开(退房)
holiday resort 度假区
one-way ticket 单程机票
place of sightseeing 游览胜地
room service 客房服务
round-trip ticket 来回机票
sightseeing tour 观光旅游
star-rated hotel 星级饭店
tour group 旅游团队
tour guide 导游
travel service 旅行社
vacation tour 度假旅游
tourist attraction 旅游胜地

3.社会热点类
bid for the Olympic Games 申办奥运会
birth control 计划生育
brain drain 人才外流
bubble economy 泡沫经济
care forsenior citizens 关心老年人
comprehensive national power 综合国力
compulsory ecation 义务教育
computer crime 电脑犯罪
divorce 离婚
dropout student 失学儿童
economic globalization\economic integration 经济全球化
ecation for all-round development 素质教育
exam-oriented ecation 应试教育
intellectual property rights 知识产权
juvenile delinquency 青少年犯罪
knowledge-based economy 知识经济
laid-off worker 下岗职工
migrant worker 民工
net friend 网友
net citizen 网民
off line 下线
online love affair 网恋
people oriented\people foremost 以人为本
pioneering spirit 首创精神
preserve the ecological environment 保护生态环境
prime time 黄金时段
puppy love 早恋
rate of unemployment 失业率
rural population 乡村人口
self-protection awareness 自我保护意识
self-service ticketing 无人售票
shopping online 网上购物
single parent family 单亲家庭
surf the Internet 网上冲浪
sustainable development 可持续发展
team spirit 团队精神
rece study load 学生减负
university students’ innovative undertaking 大学生创业
virtual net 虚拟网络
win-winsituation 双赢局面
chain debts 三角债
assistant president 总裁助理
eliminate illiteracy 扫盲
excusive agency 专卖店
New Human Being 新新人类
online trading platfrom 网上交易平台
cost of living\income maintenance 生活费用
advance with times 与时俱进
A well-paid job 待遇丰厚的工作

四级作文常见连接词总结:

1.表示空间顺序
near to
far from
in the front of
beside
behind
to the right
to the left
on the other side of

2.表示时间顺序
first
after a few days
eventually
at that time
in the meantime
meanwhile
afterward
from then on

3.表示举例
for example
to name a few
, say ,
such as

4.表示递进(补充说明)关系
in addition
furthermore
what’s more
what’s worse

5.表示对比关系
whereas
while
as opposed to
by contrast
by comparison
希望对您有帮助,好请采纳

❹ 英语四级作文考试复习资料,连接词,句子结构等,怎样写。说说你的心得,

写作是本人的老本行,高中一般都是21-23这个级别,大学英语作文被老师在班上推介为范文!!
对于作文,我说的最多的就是:不走寻常路!你不要以为在网上下载那些所谓的优秀作文,拿来背背,你就成为高手了,其实大错特错!因为我看了之后也觉得一般,甚至有些拙劣,哗众取宠的味道,比如有的所谓优秀作文竟然还用什么be good at ,importance,very much,depend on,in my opinion ,completely 这样低等的写作词汇,说它低等,那是因为这些词汇已经广为人知,阅卷老师已经看的麻木不仁了!
要写出高人一等的作文,我觉得并不难,只要你有一定的语法基础和一定量的写作词汇(越高级越好),写作句型,就足可以应对常规的高考,四六级考试……(我记得高中25分满分的作文我可以保持在21-23这个级别,四六级的作文都是110多分)
首先是语法,在你的语法达到一定层次之后,你就可以追求更多的变化了,比如,用虚拟语气句型it is high time that we……代替常用的it is necessary that we should……,又如用倒装句代替常见的平铺直叙等,这样可以增加你的语法亮点,让已经有些麻木一直想睡觉的阅卷老师眼睛一亮,在你的试卷上多扫射一番!
其次,是词汇,我觉得,在你的语法达到基本不会出错的程度上,作文便应该以词汇取胜,因为在这个层次上,大家的语法都差不多,没什么变化,唯一有变化的就是你的词汇!给你打个比方吧,很多想到“许多”就用many,但是你别忘了many a ;handsome;massive,innumerable,a multitude of ;很多人想到“专家”就写expert,但很少人会想到specialist,很多人在想到“擅长”这词,就写be good at ,却不知还有更高级的表达法:be expert at 或者excel in …高手和庸才,就体现在这些细微的差别上!
再次,是怎么将文章润色,从而使你的文章大放异彩!!关于这方面,我觉得我自己使用最多的,也是我自创的------叫做“添油加醋”,包括如下几个方面:尽可能地在形容词前使用副词,在介词短语中加入适当的形容词和副词,在过去分词前加入副词,在名词之前尽可能多用形容词……,总之就是尽可能地使用形容词和副词。我觉得这样做有一个好处,那就是使原本干巴巴的句子变得血肉丰满,比如:
1.The regular physical exercise contributes to our health 改成The regular physical exercise contributes tremendously to our health!
2.In my opinion,the driver’s carelessness should be responsible for this road accident改成
3For my part,the driver‘s negligence should be dominantly responsible for this unexpectedly horrible accident
4The majority of students believe that the part-time job will provide them with more oppportunities to develop their interpersonal skills改成The majority of students firmly believe that the part-time job will undoubtedly provide them with golden opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills tremendously!
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
最后,我建议你,平时读报,或者做题的时候,发现有好的句子好的词汇,你要抄下来,长期下来,你的作文会有提高的,需要说明的是,这个提高过程可能很缓慢,但是最后能收到很好的效果,以前25分的作文我都能保证在21-23这个级别,靠的就是对语法的熟练掌握和积累了许多较高级的词汇,句型,句子。

附录
1. 关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为……
There are different opinions among people as to ____ .Some people suggest
that ____.
2. 俗话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在许多场合仍然适用。
There is an old saying______. It"s the experience of our
forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today.
3. 现在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,……;其次,……。更为糟糕的是……。
Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First,
____ Second,____. What makes things worse is that______.
4. 现在,……很普遍,许多人喜欢……,因为……,另外(而且)……。
Nowadays,it is common to ______. Many people like ______ because ______.
Besides,______.
5. 任何事物都是有两面性,……也不例外。它既有有利的一面,也有不利的一面。
Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has both
advantages and disadvantages.
6. 关于……人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)……,在他们看来,……
People’s opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say
that ______.To them,_____.
7. 人类正面临着一个严重的问题……,这个问题变得越来越严重。
Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and more
serious.
8. ……已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。
______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and
heated debates are right on their way.
9. ……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。
______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day
life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious
problems as well.
10. 根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出……。很显然……,但是为什么呢?
According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar
graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______ while. Obviously,______,but
why?
(二)中间段落句
1. 相反,有一些人赞成……,他们相信……,而且,他们认为……。
On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___.At the same
time,they say____.
2. 但是,我认为这不是解决……的好方法,比如……。最糟糕的是……。
But I don"t think it is a very good way to solve ____.For
example,____.Worst of all,___.
3. ……对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是)非常重要的。首先,……。而且……,最重要的是……
______is necessary and important to our country"s development and
construction. First,______.What"s more, _____.Most important of
all,______.
4. 有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以……。
There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we can______
5. 面临……,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……。一方面……,另一方面,
Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective measures
to______. For one thing,______For another,______
6. 早就应该拿出行动了。比如说……,另外……。所有这些方法肯定会……。
It is high time that something was done about it. For example. _____.In
addition. _____.All these measures will certainly______.
7. 为什么……?第一个原因是……;第二个原因是……;第三个原因是……。总的来说,……的主要原因是由于……
Why______? The first reason is that ______.The second reason is ______.The
third is ______.For all this, the main cause of ______e to ______.
8. 然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,……也有它的不利的一面,象……。
However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ______also
has its own disadvantages, such as ______.
9. 尽管如此,我相信……更有利。
Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous.
10. 完全同意……这种观点(陈述),主要理由如下:
I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______.
(三)结尾句
1. 至于我,在某种程度上我同意后面的观点,我认为……
As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent.
I think that ____.
2. 总而言之,整个社会应该密切关注……这个问题。只有这样,我们才能在将来……。
In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of
______.Only in this way can ______in the future.
3. 但是,……和……都有它们各自的优势(好处)。例如,……,而……。然而,把这两者相比较,我更倾向于(喜欢) ……
But ______and ______have their own advantages. For example, _____,
while_____. Comparing this with that, however, I prefer to______.
4. 就我个人而言,我相信……,因此,我坚信美好的未来正等着我们。因为……
Personally, I believe that_____. Consequently, I’m confident that a bright
future is awaiting us because______.
5. 随着社会的发展,……。因此,迫切需要……。如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自已的一份力量,这个社会将要变得越来越 好。
With the development of society, ______.So it"s urgent and necessary to
____.If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society, it
will be better and better.
6. 至于我(对我来说,就我而言),我认为……更合理。只有这样,我们才能……
For my part, I think it reasonable to_____. Only in this way can you
_____.
7. 对我来说,我认为有必要……。原因如下:第一,……; 第二,……;最后……但同样重要的是……
In my opinion, I think it necessary to____. The reasons are as follows.
First _____.Second ______. Last but not least,______.
8. 在总体上很难说……是好还是坏,因为它在很大程度上取决于……的形势。然而,就我个人而言,我发现……。
It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it
depends very much on the situation of______. However, from a personal
point of view find______.
9. 综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论……
From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the
conclusion that____.
10. 如果我们不采取有效的方法,就可能控制不了这种趋势,就会出现一些意想不到的不良后果,所以,我们应该做的是 ……
If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some
undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do
is_____.

一)原因
1.A number of factors are accountable for this situation.
A number of factors might contribute to (lead to )(account for ) the
phenomenon(problem).
2. The answer to this problem involves many factors.
3. The phenomenon mainly stems from the fact that...
4. The factors that contribute to this situation include...
5. The change in ...largely results from the fact that...
6. We may blame ...,but the real causes are...
7. Part of the explanations for it is that ...
One of the most common factors (causes ) is that ...
Another contributing factor (cause ) is ...
Perhaps the primary factor is that …
But the fundamental cause is that ...
二)比较
1.The advantage far outweigh the disadvantages.
2.The advantages of A are much greater than those of B.
3.A may be preferable to B, but A suffers from the disadvantages that...
4.It is reasonable to maintain that ...but it would be foolish to claim
that...
5.For all the disadvantages, it has its compensating advantages.
6.Like anything else, it has its faults.
7.A and B has several points in common.
8.A bears some resemblances to B.
9.However, the same is not applicable to B.
10. A and B differ in several ways.
11. Evidently, it has both negative and positive effects.
12. People used to think ..., but things are different now.
13. The same is true of B.
14. Wondering as A is ,it has its drawbacks.
15. It is true that A ... , but the chief faults (obvious defects )are
...

三)批驳
1)It is true that ..., but one vital point is being left out.
2) There is a grain of truth in these statements, but they ignore a more
important fact.
3) Some people say ..., but it does not hold water.
4) Many of us have been under the illusion that...
5) A close examination would reveal how ridiculous the statement is.
6) It makes no sense to argue for ...
7) Too much stress placed on ... may lead to ...
8) Such a statement mainly rests on the assumption that ...
9) Contrary to what is widely accepted, I maintain that ...
四)后果
1. It may give rise to a host of problems.
2. The immediate result it proces is ...
3. It will exercise a profound influence upon...
4. Its consequence can be so great that...
五)举例
1) A good case in point is ...
2) As an illustration, we may take ...
3) Such examples might be given easily.
4) ...is often cited as an example.
六)证明
1) No one can deny the fact that ...
2) The idea is hardly supported by facts.
3) Unfortunately, none of the available data shows ...
4) Recent studies indicate that ...
5) There is sufficient evidence to show that ...
6) According to statistics proved by ..., it can be seen that ...
七)开篇
1) Many nations have been faced with the problem of ...
2) Recently the problem has been brought into focus.
3) Recently the phenomenon has become a heated topic.
4) Recently the issue has aroused great concern among ...
5) Nowadays there is a growing concern over ...
6) Never in our history has the idea that ... been so popular.
7) Faced with ..., quite a few people argue that ...
8) According to a recent survey, ...
9) With the rapid development of ..., ...
八)结尾
1) From what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that
...
2) It is high time that strict measures were taken to stop ...
3) It is necessary that steps should be taken to ...
4) In conclusion, it is imperative that ...
5) There is no easy method, but ...might be of some help.
6) To solve the above-mentioned problem, we must ...
7) In summary, if we continue to ignore the above-mentioned issue, more
problems will crop up.
8) With the efforts of all parts concerned, the problem will be solved
thoroughly.
9) We might do more than identify the cause ; it is important to take
actions to ...
10) Taking all these into account, we ...
11) Whether it is good or not /positive or negative, one thing is
certain/clear...

❺ 写英语作文的时候(大学水平的)经常用到的衔接性的词语有哪些啊 谢谢啊

(1)表示增加的过渡词:also,回and,答and then,too,in addition,furthermore,moreover,again,on top ofthat,another,first

❻ 列举英语四级作文常用衔接词.比如说"相反地","进一步说","另外"什么的.带例句,范文更好

1) 先后次序关系:at this time; first; second; at last; next;; simultaneously; eventually;last but not least;to begin with;to start with;to end with;finally;seeing...;since then;first of all;afterwards; following this; preceding this.
2) 因果关系:because;because of this;being that;another important factor/reason of... ; since; as; for; in that...; owing to; e to; for the reason that...; in view of; the reason seems to be obvious; there are about... ;for this reason; as a result of this; therefore;...and so...; consequently;as a result; thus; hence; so;so that...; in consequence; as a consequence; accordingly; inevitably; under these conditions; thereupon.
3) 转折关系:but;even so;however;though;even though;independent of;reckless of ;despite that; in spite of that; regardless of; yet...;and yet; but unless.
4) 并列关系: and; also;too;as well as;either...,or...;both...and...
5) (补充)递进关系: furthermore;moreover;further;In this way ;still; not only...but also...; not...but...; in addition (to);additionally, much more interesting, more specifically, next, besides; as far as... is concerned; moreover;in other words;along this line of consideration;on the one hand...,on the other hand...; even; as a poplar saying goes...;in order to do it...; meanwhile; at the same time; accordingly; In the first place...,in the second place...;equally important; of even greater appeal.
6) 比较关系: similarly; in like manner, in comparison with;when compared with;compared with;when in fact...; like...; likewise; similarly important; apart from (doing)...; ... rather than...,by doing so ;both…and...; in the same way; not only...but (also).
7) 对照(不同点):yet; still; for all of that; notwithstanding; rather; neither ... nor; although; though; but; however; something is just the other way around;yet; conversely; unlike; opposed to; as opposed to ; in contrast (to); by way of;on the contrary;different from this;as opposed to this; nevertheless; contrary to; whereas; while;but on the other hand.
8) 举例关系:for example; for instance; in this case; namely; as you know; you may as/say; as he explains; like; such as; a case in point is...; consider...; in particular;including...;for one thing...,for another...;put it simply;stated roughly; as an illustration, I will say...; a good example (of...)would be...;to detail this,I would like to...; It is interesting to note that...;in this situation; as proof; take the case of; take as example (something); as for; as regards; as to; according to; on this occasion.
9) 强调关系:in fact; especially;particularly;moreover;naturally; what is more important; in reality; certainly; of course; indeed; in particular;not to mention...;believe it or not;undeniably; other thing being equal;it is certain/sure that...;to be strict; to be true;by definition; definitely; undoubtedly; without a doubt; in truth, in any event(不论怎样); without reservation(毫无保留地); obviously, not only.. but(also...), both... and...
10) 条件关系: if;unless; lest;provided that;if it is the case;in this sense;once...;if possible;if necessary;if so;if not all; if anything.
11) 归纳总结类: in other words;on the whole; in sum; therefore;hence;in short;in brief;to sum up;in conclusion; in summary; to conclude; the conclusion can be drawn that...; for this reason; in short.
12) 地点关系:beyond; opposite to; adjacent to; at the same place; there; over; in the middle; around; in front of; in the distance; farther; here and there; above; below; at the right; between; on this side.
13) 目的关系:with this object; for this purpose; in order that; in this way, since; so that; on that account; in case; with a view to; for the same reason.
14) 重申关系:in other words; that is to say; as I have said; again; once again.
15) 结果关系:accordingly; thus; consequently; hence; therefore; thereupon; inevitably; under these conditions; as a result; as a consequence; because; because of; so that; not only...but (also...); so... as to.
16) 顺序关系:first; second; thirdly; next; then; at the outset(在开始时),following this; at this time; now; at this point; after; afterward; after this; subsequently; lastly; finally; consequently; before this; previously; preceding this; simultaneously; concurrently(同时).
17) 时间关系:at once; immediately; at length; in the mean time; meanwhile; at the same time; in the end; then; soon; not long after; later; at once; at last; finally; some time ago; at present; all of a sudden; from this time on; from time to time; since then; when; whenever; next point; a few minutes later; formerly; as; once; since; occasionally; in a moment; shortly; whereupon; previously

写作模板:
辩论式议论文
模版1
Some people believe (argue, recognize, think) that 观点1. But other people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that 观点2. As for me, I agree to the former/latter idea.
There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. First of all, 论据1.
More importantly, 论据2.
Most important of all, 论据3.
In summary, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.
或 From above, we can predict that 预测.
模版2
People hold different views about X. Some people are of the opinion that 观点1, while others point out that 观点2. As far as I am concerned, the former/latter opinion holds more weight.
For one thing, 论据1.
For another, 论据2.
Last but not the least, 论据3.
To conclude, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.
或 From above, we can predict that 预测.
模版3
There is no consensus of opinions among people about X(争论的焦点). Some people are of the view that 观点1, while others take an opposite side, firmly believing that 观点2. As far as I am concerned, the former/latter notion is preferable in many senses. The reasons are obvious.
First of all, 论据1.
Furthermore, 论据2.
Among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest. That is, 论据3.
A natural conclusion from the above discussion is that总结观点.
As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.
或 From above, we can predict that 预测.
图表式作文
It is obvious in the graphic/table that the rate/number/amount of Y has undergone dramatic changes. It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped considerably in recent years (as X varies). At the point of X1, Y reaches its peak value of …(多少).
What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are … (多少) reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table. First of all, …(第一个原因). More importantly, …(第二个原因). Most important of all, …(第三个原因).
From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. The trend described in the graphic/table will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not taken括号里的使用于那些不太好的变化趋势).
提纲式作文
1. 对立观点式
A.有人认为X 是好事,赞成X, 为什么?
B. 有人认为X 是坏事, 反对X,为什么?
C.我的看法。
Some people are in favor of the idea of doing X. They point out the fact that 支持X 的第一个原因。They also argue that 支持X 的另一个原因。
However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider it harmful to do X. They firmly point out that 反对X 的第一个理由。 An example can give the details of this argument: 一个例子。
There is some truth in both arguments. But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages. In addition to the above-mentioned negative effects it might bring about, X also may X 的有一个坏处。
2. 批驳观点式
A.一个错误观点。
B. 我不同意。
Many people argue that 错误观点。By saying that, they mean 对这个观点的进一步解释。An example they have presented is that 一个例子。(According to a survey performed by X on a group of Y, almost 80% of them 赞成这个错误观点或者受到这个错误观点的影响)。
There might be some element of truth in these people’s belief. But if we consider it in depth, we will feel no reservation to conclude that 与错误观点相反的观点。There are a number of reasons behind my belief. (以下参照辩论文的议论文写法)。
3. 社会问题(现象)式
A.一个社会问题或者现象。
B. 产生的原因
C.对社会和我们生活的影响
D. 如何杜绝。(如果是问题的话)
E. 前景的预测。
Nowadays, there exists an increasingly serious social/economic/environmental problem. (X has increasingly become a common concern of the public). According to a survey, 调查内容说明这种现象的情况。(或者是一个例子)。
There are a couple of reasons booming this problem/phenomenon. 下面参照辩论式议论文的写法。
X has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life, which has been articulated in the following aspects. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。
A dozen of measures are supposed to take to prevent X from bringing us more harm. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。
Based on the above discussions, I can easily forecast that more and more people will ……..

英语四六级写作绝招
开头万能公式
1. 开头万能公式一:名人名言
有人问了,“我没有记住名言,怎么办?尤其是英语名言?”,很好办:编!
原理:我们看到的东西很多都是创造出来的,包括我们欣赏的文章也是,所以尽管编,但是一定要听起来很有道理呦!而且没准将来我们就是名人呢!对吧?
经典句型:
A proberb says, “ You are only young once.” (适用于已记住的名言)
It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于自编名言)
更多经典句型:
As everyone knows, No one can deny that…

2. 开头万能公式二:数字统计
原理:要想更有说服力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。
原则上在议论文当中十不应该出现虚假数字的,可是在考试的时候哪管那三七二十一,但编无妨,只要我有东西写就万事大吉了。所以不妨试用下面的句型:
According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graation.
看起来这个数字文邹邹的,其实都是编造出来的,下面随便几个题目我们都可以这样编造:
Honesty:根据最近的一项统计调查显示,大学生向老师请假的理由当中78%都是假的。
Travel by Bike:根据最近的一项统计调查显示,85%的人在近距离旅行的时候首选的交通工具是自行车。
Youth:根据最近的一项统计调查显示,在某个大学,学生的课余时间的70%都是在休闲娱乐。
Five-day Work Week Better than Six-day Work?:根据最近的一项统计调查显示,98%的人同意每周五天工作日。
更多句型:
A recent statistics shows that …
结尾万能公式
1. 结尾万能公式一:如此结论
说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后终于冒出个“总而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待领导说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也必然要有一个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了!比如下面的例子:
Obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.
如果读者很难“显而见之”,但说无妨,就当读者的眼光太浅罢了!
更多过渡短语:
to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus
更多句型:
Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that…

2. 结尾万能公式二:如此建议
如果说“如此结论”是结尾最没用的废话,那么“如此建议”应该是最有价值的废话了,因为这里虽然也是废话,但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟语气的句型。拽!
Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.
这里的虚拟语气用得很经典,因为考官本来经常考这个句型,而如果我们自己写出来,你说考官会怎么想呢?
更多句型:
Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken.
Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.
写作的“七项基本原则”
一、 长短句原则
工作还得一张一驰呢,老让读者读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子,相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题:
As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.
如此可见,长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,岂不爽哉?牢记!
强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。

二、 主题句原则
国有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其主。否则会给人造成“群龙无首”之感!相信各位读过一些破烂文学,故意把主体隐藏在文章之内,结果造成我们稀里糊涂!不知所云!所以奉劝各位一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然,必会平安无事!
特别提示:隐藏主体句可是要冒险的!
To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.

三、 一二三原则
领导讲话总是第一部分、第一点、第二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点… 如此罗嗦。可毕竟还是条理清楚。考官们看文章也必然要通过这些关键性的“标签”来判定你的文章是否结构清楚,条理自然。破解方法很简单,只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就清楚了。
1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗)
2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐,原因:俗)
3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐,原因:俗)
4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐,原因:俗)
5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐)
6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐)
7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)
8)most important of all, moreover, finally
9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)
10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)
建议:不仅仅在写作中注意,平时说话的时候也应该条理清楚!

四、 短语优先原则
写作时,尤其是在考试时,如果使用短语,有两个好处:其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点,如果老师们看到你的文章太简单,看不到一个自己不认识的短语,必然会看你低一等。相反,如果发现亮点—精彩的短语,那么你的文章定会得高分了。其二、关键时刻思维短路,只有凑字数,怎么办?用短语是一个办法!比如:
I cannot bear it.
可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.
I want it.
可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it.
这样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。

五、 多实少虚原则
原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比如:
走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room
但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room
小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room
小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room
老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room
所以多用实词,少用虚词,文章将会大放异彩!

六、 多变句式原则
1)加法(串联)
都希望写下很长的句子,像个老外似的,可就是怕写错,怎么办,最保险的写长句的方法就是这些,可以在任何句子之间加and, 但最好是前后的句子又先后关系或者并列关系。比如说:
I enjor music and he is fond of playing guitar.
如果是二者并列的,我们可以用一个超级句式:
Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.
其它的短语可以用:
besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover
2)转折(拐弯抹角)
批评某人缺点的时候,我们总习惯先拐弯抹角说说他的优点,然后转入正题,再说缺点,这种方式虽然阴险了点,可毕竟还比较容易让人接受。所以呢,我们说话的时候,只要在要点之前先来点废话,注意二者之间用个专这次就够了。
The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition.
The coat was thin, but it was warm.
更多的短语:
despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding
3)因果(so, so, so)
昨天在街上我看到了一个女孩,然后我主动搭讪,然后我们去咖啡厅,然后我们认识了,然后我们成为了朋友…可见,讲故事的时候我们总要追求先后顺序,先什么,后什么,所以然后这个词就变得很常见了。其实这个词表示的是先后或因果关系!
The snow began to fall, so we went home.
更多短语:
then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that
4)失衡句(头重脚轻,或者头轻脚重)
有些人脑袋大,身体小,或者有些人脑袋小,身体大,虽然我们不希望长成这个样子,可如果真的是这样了,也就必然会吸引别人的注意力。文章中如果出现这样的句子,就更会让考官看到你的句子与众不同。其实就是主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句的变形。
举例:This is what I can do.
Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.
同样主语、宾语、表语可以改成如下的复杂成分:
When to go, Why he goes away…
5)附加(多此一举)
如果有了老婆,总会遇到这样的情况,当你再讲某个人的时候,她会插一句说,我昨天见过他;或者说,就是某某某,如果把老婆的话插入到我们的话里面,那就是定语从句和同位语从句或者是插入语。
The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.
I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.
Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.
其实很简单,同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影响整个句子的构成;定语从句—借用之前的关键词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中,但是whom or that 关键词必须要紧跟在先行词之前。
6)排比(排山倒海句)
文学作品中最吸引人的地方莫过于此,如果非要让你的文章更加精彩的话,那么我希望你引用一个个的排比句,一个个得对偶句,一个个的不定式,一个个地词,一个个的短语,如此表达将会使文章有排山倒海之势!
Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you.
Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides.
We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life. (气势恢宏)
要想写出如此气势恢宏的句子非用排比不可!

七、 挑战极限原则
既然是挑战极限,必然是比较难的,但是并非不可攀!
原理:在学生的文章中,很少发现诸如独立主格的句子,其实也很简单,只要花上5分钟的时间看看就可以领会,它就是分词的一种特殊形式,分词要求主语一致,而独立主格则不然。比如:
The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills.
Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China.
如果您可一些出这样的句子,不得高分才怪!
文章主体段落三大杀手锏
一、举实例
思维短路,举实例!提出一个观点,举实例!提出一个方案,举实例!而且者也是我们揭示一个观点最好的方式,任何情况下,只要我们无法继续文章,不管三七二十一,尽管举例子!
In order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible stimulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colours, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food while they fime him or her.
更多句型:
To take … as an example, One example is…, Another example is…, for example
二、做比较
方法:写完一个要点,比较与之相似的;又写完一个要点,再比较与之相反的;
世界上没有同样的指纹,没有相同的树叶,文章亦同,只有通过比较,你才会发现二者的相同点(through comparison)和不同点(through contrast)。下面是一些短语:
相似的比较:
in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner
相反的比较:
on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …, …
三、换言之
没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让你的文章在多一些字,或者文邹邹地说,是让读者更充分的理解你的观点。
实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字 I love you!
I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you.
I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you.
或者上面我们举过的例子:
I cannot bear it.
可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.
因此可以这样说:I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it.
更多短语:
in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply

四六级写作常见句型
(1)用于描写漫画、图表的常用句型
①As the graph depicts , …
②From the cartoon /picture , we can see that …
③According to the statistics shown in the first /second graph ,
④The table shows / indicates / reveals that …
⑤It can be seen /concluded from the picture / table / figures that …

(2)用于句首提出论题或现象的句型
①Recently , …has

❼ 关于英语四级作文的过渡词或相关句子有哪些

1.
并列关系
and,
furthermore,
more
than
that,
also,
likewise,
moreover,
in
addition,
what
is
more,
for
instance,
for
example
2.
转折关系
although,
however,
on
the
contrary,
but,
in
spite
of,
nevertheless,
yet,
otherwise,
despite
3.
顺序关系
first,
second,
third,
and
so
on,
then,
after,
before,
next
4.
因果关系
as
a
result,
for,
thus,
because,
for
this
reason,
so,
therefore,
as,
since,
consequently,
on
account
of
5.
归纳关系
as
a
result,
finally,
therefore,
accordingly,
in
short,
thus,
consequently,
in
conclusion,
so,
in
brief,
in
a
word
几个用得比较多的句子:
As
far
as
I
am
concerned,
the
advantages
of

outweigh
its
disadvantages.
Nevertheless,
the
disadvantages
of

is
undeniable.
To
sum
up/
In
general/
On
the
whole/
In
brief/
In
short/
In
a
word,
it
is
true
that

bring
about
both
positive
and
negative
results.
But
we
can
try
our
best
to
rece
the
negative
influence
to
the
least
extent.
Obviously,
in
every
aspect,

This
diagram
unfolds
a
clear
comparison
between…and…
As
to
the
other
three,
though
the
growth
rates
were
not
so
high,
they
were
indeed
remarkable

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