A. 做英语任务型阅读 和选择性阅读的技巧（详细点） 为了中考啊
1.认真审题来，读懂题意由于题目要源求形式多样，在同一篇阅读材料中会要求完成不同的任务，因此解题前要先明确任务，做到心中有数。 2.快速阅读，掌握大意在做题时要快速扫视一下文章的大意，然后结合前面的题目的要求，大致明白所要完成的任务。 3.细读题目，完成任务在明白题意和文章意思的基础上，仔细阅读后面的题目要求，在原文找出问题题干所包括的信息部分，这样就可以快速准确地抓住有效信息，确保答题的准确性。如果是根据英文释义写单词的题，则一定要确保所填的单词来源于原文，切不可脱离原文，随意发挥。 4.复读文章，核实任务在初步完成所要求的任务以后，学生必须再仔细阅读所提供的短文，结合题意、文章和文后提供的任务信息、认真核实任务以保证答题正确。 5.注意读写结合任务型阅读不仅考查学生阅读理解层面的能力，更加注重考查学生“写”的能力。若是写单词，则要注意拼写正确，词形、词性有无变化，是否需要大写;若所要完成的是短语或句子成分，则需谨慎对待，依据所给题干分析要完成的是什么句子成分，需用什么样的表达方式，不可简单草率地将文中信息直接挪用。
奔腾英语 阅读周计划 天利 红魔英语 薄冰英语 我用过不错 （我是英语专业的）有英语问题可以一起交流
One cool April 22 morning, people started the day as usual. Yet it was not a normal day. What’s so special about April 22? The answer is simple. It is Earth Day. People all over the world celebrate this important day. The idea of having a special day to celebrate Earth began in the 1960s. Life was very different then. Few people talked or even thought about the environment. Most people had no idea how dirty our air and water were.
On April 22, 1970, twenty million (百万) Americans joined the first Earth Day activities. They showed that people really did want to do something about the environment. Since then laws have been passed to protect the air, water, land, and animals.
The vehicles such as cars and buses you ride in must pass tests to make sure they don’t cause too much pollution. Thanks to this law, cars today release (排放) about half as many bad chemicals as cars did back in 1970. As a result, the air we breathe is cleaner than it once was.
Rivers and lakes are also cleaner today than they were in the 1970s. It’s a good thing because they needed a lot of help. The Cuyahoga River in Ohio was so polluted that rubbish and oil on the river even caught fire! Today, the river is cleaner. It no longer burns. It’s healthy enough for birds, fish, and other animals.
Now the celebration has spread to other countries. More than 175 countries take part each year.
In 2007, people in China paid much attention to a big problem. People were throwing away 27 million plastic bags a day! People had “Bye-Bye Throwaway Culture Week.” They wanted everyone to see how polluted it was to throw away so many plastic bags. In 2008, China passed new laws against them.
Every April 22, millions get together to clean and protect Earth. They also celebrate how far we have come. Our job is to put this knowledge to work. You can help keep our planet healthy too!
1. Is Earth Day on April 22?
2. What caught fire on the Cuyahoga River?
3. How many countries take part in the celebration each year now?
4. Why did Chinese people have “Bye-Bye Throwaway Culture Week”?
5. What the purpose of celebrating the Earth Day?
1．Yes, it is.
由第一段句“What’s so special about April 22? The answer is simple. It is Earth Day.”可知。
2．Rubbish and oil.
由第四段句子“The Cuyahoga River in Ohio was so polluted that rubbish and oil on the river even caught fire!”可知。
3．More than 175.
由第五段句子“Now the celebration has spread to other countries. More than 175 countries take part each year.”可知。
4．Because they wanted everyone to stop throwing away plastic bags.
由第六段句子“People had “Bye-Bye Throwaway Culture Week.” They wanted everyone to see how polluted it was to throw away so many plastic bags.”
5．To help more people realize the importance of protecting and earth and encourage people to take action.
The Amazon rainforest is home to millions of different kinds of animals, plants, and birds. Most of the world’s fresh water is here and the forest plants clean the Earth’s air every day.
Chico was born near the Amazon town, Brazil, in 1944 and started working when he was very young. Like the rest of his family, the boy got the money by taking a little rubber from the trees in the forest. (The trees are not hurt when the rubber is taken.) The forest and its people lived together comfortably and peacefully.
But some people think too much about themselves and never think about the future. In 1980, the forest was burned to build roads, houses and factories. Chico was angry; he wanted to save the forest! He talked to the government workers, but they didn’t listen to him. They were still clearing the rainforests to make quick, easy money. “Many voices are stronger than one,” he thought, so Chico held group meetings. He discovered that hundreds of people agreed with him. His hope grew. More people came together to try to stop the work of the forest clearers. Large areas of the forest were saved. Later he traveled to many other countries for international help. People soon became very much interested in this brave Brazilian. In the next few years Chico’s name became famous all over the world. The government of Brazil started making plans to protect large areas of the Amazon rainforest.
But as Chico’s dreams started coming true, someone stopped him in the only possible way. The famous forest fighter was murdered right outside his home on December 22, 1988. Chico’s life was cut short, but his brave new ideas continued in other people. One man changed the world’s ideas. After his death, people around the world sent money to help Chico’s work.
1. Was Chico born in Brazil?
2. How did young Chico get money?
3. How many things did Chico do after the forest was burned?
4. When was Chico murdered?
5. What did Chico achieve in his life?
1. Yes, he was.
由第二段“ Chico was born near the Amazon town, Brazil, in 1944 ”可知。
2. By taking a little rubber.
由第二段“ the boy got the money by taking a little rubber from the trees in the forest.”可知。
由第三段“He talked to the government workers,… held group meetings. …he traveled to many other countries for international help.”可知。
4. On December 22, 1988.
由最后一段“ The famous forest fighter was murdered right outside his home on December 22, 1988”可知。
5. He protected the forest and changed the world’s ideas.
A funny thing happened to my sister Tina last month. She lives in Japan and teaches English. In Japan, people don’t usually wear their outdoor shoes in the house or in school, and a lot of buildings have places for shoes. So her school has a special place for shoes. 1
Tina teaches English in the evening. One Friday, she went to school, and she put her shoes in the shoe box—as usual. Then she had an interesting spoken English class with her students. 2But to her surprise, her shoes weren’t in the box. There was only one pair of those there, and they weren’t her hoes! She had to get home in a hurry. 3
On Monday, at her next English class, her shoes were in a shopping bag on her desk! There was a note that said, “I’m so sorry. I took your shoes by mistake!” 4Somebody felt a lot of shame! She had to get home in a hurry.
A．It’s a shoe box.
B．Tina is my sister.
C．So she put on the shoes and left.
D．After class she got ready to leave.
E．But there was no name on the note.
1．A 由第一段句子“So her school has a special place for shoes.”可知。
2．D 由第二段句子“Then she had an interesting spoken English class with her students.
2But to her surprise, her shoes weren’t in the box.”可推知。
3．C 由第二段推断分析及句子“She had to get home in a hurry.”可以推知。
Since last autumn，in Yunnan，and other places in southwest China，there has been very little rain．A serious drought(干旱) hit these places．The 1and is too dry．___1____．And more than 20 million people are having difficulty getting safe drinking water because of the bad drought．The Chinese government has done a lot to solve the water problem．____2___．Other parts of China are helping by giving water，clothes，books and money．Many students and teachers helped in this way，too．A student said，“A bottle of water isn’t much，___3____．”In some areas，farmers are beginning to grow crops that don’t need much water．
Water is very important．Only 1 percent of the world’s water is useful for human beings．This is the fresh water we use every day．There are 669 cities in China．More than 400 cities are short of water．___4___ the world’s population suffers from water problem．When we don’t care of water．we hurt everyone．___5___．Don’t waste water．All of us should try to save more water for future．
A．such as digging wells(井) and so on
B．About one fifth of
C．Crops died before the harvest
D．A bottle of water isn’t useful
E．but thousands of bottles will be of great use
F．It’s time for us to use water in a smarter way
1．C 由第一段句子“A serious drought(干旱) hit these places．The 1and is too dry．”可推知。
2．A 由第一段句子“The Chinese government has done a lot to solve the water problem．”可推知。
3．E 由句子“A student said，“A bottle of water isn’t much，___3____．”可知。
5．F 由第二段句子“When we don’t care of water．we hurt everyone．___5___．Don’t wastewater．”可知。